Pension and Depression Symptoms

Sunday, December 6, 2009

One time in the span of human life that are vulnerable to depression are the retirees. According Blakburn and Davidson (in Kuntjoro, 2002) there are some conditions that cause depression retirees, among others: first, Retirement [whether it is civil servants, private, or wrestle in the world of business] is often regarded as an unpleasant fact that towards the time come some people are feeling anxious because they do not know what kind of life to be faced later. In the modern era, as now, work is one of the most important factor that can bring satisfaction (because of money, position and strengthen self-esteem). Therefore, often retired people who can not enjoy old age with relaxed living, on the other hand, there are even experiencing serious problems (mental or physical).

Second; age, many people are afraid of old age because of the presumption if it is old, it will physically weaker, more disease, quickly forgotten, looks even less attractive and more other obstacles that make life even more limited. Pensions are often identified with a sign someone into old age. Many people perceive negatively by assuming that retirement is a sign he was not useful and no longer required because of old age and decline in productivity that are not profitable for companies or organizations where they work. Often without realizing that understanding affects a person's perception that he became over-sensitive and subjective to the stimuli that were arrested. This condition is what makes people so sick when retirement arrives.

Furthermore Blakburn Marie and Kate Davidson (in Kuntjoro, 2002) suggests that the psychological symptoms of depression when viewed from several aspects, is as follows: 1. Mood, characterized by sadness, anxiety, irritability. 2. Thinking, characterized by simple loss of concentration, slow and confused in thinking, blame themselves, doubt, low self-esteem. 3. Motivation, characterized by lack of interest and hobby work, avoiding work and social activities, wants to run away, high dependence on others. 4. Behavior, the mark with a nervous look of a slow movement, often pacing, crying, complaining, 5) Loss of appetite or increased appetite, loss of sexual desire, sleep disturbed.

According to Kim, J., E. and Moen, P., (in Rini 2001) from Cornell University examined the relationship between retirement with depression. Both were found: Women who had retired tend to have higher depression than women who have long retired or even that still works, especially if the husband is still working; newly retired men tend to experience more marital conflict than those not yet retired; man newly retired, but his wife still works tend to have higher marital conflict than men who are both newly retired, but his wife did not work; Men who retire and return to work and have a wife who does not work, then they have a higher morale than couples who both Neither worked.

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Depression in Stroke Patients

Saturday, August 29, 2009

Generally stroke continues with depression. That is, the patient conscious, the other condition to do this and it routinely, such as food must be fed, the road is slow, and the bath had to be helped. Because mental factors, they become depressed: frequent crying and starry-eyed. This was added for those who have a high enough position in the career or the rise as a public idol. Any relatives who come visiting receives with tears. Patients like asking, why this happened. In fact there was a curt said you were going to die soon, because it can not stand the situation.

This situation is hard and time consuming. Efforts to rehabilitate up to no less difficult to cure with "medical treatment". As in the Netherlands, Australia, for example, psychologists are directly involved with the doctors. Missed the problem of depression, will only make the patient worse and also difficult to grow healing, let alone cure. Because depression is very close to the employment. That is, the depression will make a lot of energy / psychic energy being drained.

In these efforts, stroke patients can take steps such as:

1. Opportunity to express their feelings properly and untukditanggapi seriously.

2. Treatment that can give motivation to rebuild their optimistic attitude waver. We need to eliminate the impression that they are no longer useful to society and family.

3. Association, in the context of social rebuilding. Suppose a dialogue with his friends, that arise sependeritaan attitude, and the impression that he was not just had a stroke and who experienced impotence.

4. Opportunity to communicate with relevant parties and monitor progress, such as doctors and psychologists.

5. Equanimity, a guarantee that all complaints will be kept confidential, so he does not need to feel anxious and ashamed

Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia

Are you on a diet to stay slim body? All of a sudden become allergic to chocolate, ice cream and food, high calorie foods. Then be afraid to eat for fear of weight going up so the whole day with just a few spoonfuls of rice. Be careful, because the diet does not normally be in danger.

Just an example of the hundreds (or perhaps thousands) of cases of eating problems experienced by some people. Actually, we unknowingly had friends, friends or lest we ourselves had experienced similar cases. Yes, it called anorexia or bulimia. What is anorexia or bulimia, and why someone may experience these things.

Anorexia Nervosa

Eating disorders are commonly encountered in young women is anorexic or fancy term known as anorexia nervosa. Anorexia is an activity to deal with loss by food restriction is deliberately and through strict control. People with anorexia are aware that they feel hungry but afraid to meet their food needs because it can result in increased body weight. Their perception of satiety so disturbed when they consume some foods in small portions, they will soon feel 'full' or even nausea. They are constantly dieting so hard to achieve a thin body. Ultimately this condition could cause a dangerous effect of the death of the patient. Just imagine, if they continue to refrain from eating, from whom they obtain energy to live.


If the anorexic desperately to keep his hunger and trying so hard to not consume food in large quantities so that it can hold 'live' simply by eating 2-3 tablespoons of rice per day, it is not the case with bulimia. In essence, the ultimate goal of people with bulimia and anorexia are the same, namely to maintain the slim body shape (thin) may be but how they are different. People with bulimia tend to like foods that they like. They overeat to satisfy their desires, but then they throw up again until there was no food left. Thus they avoid getting fat but still be thin without the need to restrain their desire to eat. Can imagine if someone constantly spewing the foods they eat, where they get the calories for the move. The body becomes weak, it is difficult to think and ultimately no more energy can be used to defend himself.

Impact of Depression

There have been many studies that depression usually accompanied by physical illness, such as asthma, coronary heart disease, headaches and ulcers. According to an expert who is also author of the book, which is Philip Rice, depression will increase a person's risk of developing the disease due to depressed conditions tend to increase the circulation of adrenaline and cortisol, resulting in lower immune levels. In addition, the disease easily settled because of people affected by depression often lose their appetite, so changing his eating habits (too much food or hard food), lack of exercise, easily tired and have trouble sleeping.

There are also other cases, where the depression does not cause disease, but rather a prolonged illness that can not heal it eventually causes the sufferer to feel depressed. Examples of cases are experienced depression cancer, asthma, back pain which usually lasted for years.

In addition to decreased endurance, depression is considered quite dangerous for mental and physical health because it can cause cognitive impairment, emotional and productivity of individuals who experience depression,

The impact of depression experienced by one person will affect the balance of the "environment". Just as if we have a cold, then the whole body felt weak and uncomfortable. Not only that, other people around also potentially infected by the disease. According to Miner (1992), a professor from the State University of New York, in the context of such a situation the organization known as the concept of the Sick Organization. Therefore, an employee who suffered only emotional disorders such as depression, will have implications not only on performance and satisfaction in his own work but also on organizational performance and atmosphere.