Pension and Depression Symptoms

Sunday, December 6, 2009

One time in the span of human life that are vulnerable to depression are the retirees. According Blakburn and Davidson (in Kuntjoro, 2002) there are some conditions that cause depression retirees, among others: first, Retirement [whether it is civil servants, private, or wrestle in the world of business] is often regarded as an unpleasant fact that towards the time come some people are feeling anxious because they do not know what kind of life to be faced later. In the modern era, as now, work is one of the most important factor that can bring satisfaction (because of money, position and strengthen self-esteem). Therefore, often retired people who can not enjoy old age with relaxed living, on the other hand, there are even experiencing serious problems (mental or physical).

Second; age, many people are afraid of old age because of the presumption if it is old, it will physically weaker, more disease, quickly forgotten, looks even less attractive and more other obstacles that make life even more limited. Pensions are often identified with a sign someone into old age. Many people perceive negatively by assuming that retirement is a sign he was not useful and no longer required because of old age and decline in productivity that are not profitable for companies or organizations where they work. Often without realizing that understanding affects a person's perception that he became over-sensitive and subjective to the stimuli that were arrested. This condition is what makes people so sick when retirement arrives.

Furthermore Blakburn Marie and Kate Davidson (in Kuntjoro, 2002) suggests that the psychological symptoms of depression when viewed from several aspects, is as follows: 1. Mood, characterized by sadness, anxiety, irritability. 2. Thinking, characterized by simple loss of concentration, slow and confused in thinking, blame themselves, doubt, low self-esteem. 3. Motivation, characterized by lack of interest and hobby work, avoiding work and social activities, wants to run away, high dependence on others. 4. Behavior, the mark with a nervous look of a slow movement, often pacing, crying, complaining, 5) Loss of appetite or increased appetite, loss of sexual desire, sleep disturbed.

According to Kim, J., E. and Moen, P., (in Rini 2001) from Cornell University examined the relationship between retirement with depression. Both were found: Women who had retired tend to have higher depression than women who have long retired or even that still works, especially if the husband is still working; newly retired men tend to experience more marital conflict than those not yet retired; man newly retired, but his wife still works tend to have higher marital conflict than men who are both newly retired, but his wife did not work; Men who retire and return to work and have a wife who does not work, then they have a higher morale than couples who both Neither worked.

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